The whole purpose of having a network infrastructure is to allow different users to access and share needed files and applications. With your data centralized to a server, you will need to have a system in place that allows certain people up-to-date permissions to access needed files from every computer. This is where Active Directory comes in.
Essentially, the purpose of Active Directory is to assist with server administration and management. Active Directory is the tool used to make sure the information and permissions stored on your server are kept in an orderly manner. This also allows multiple users that have to access the same files on different computers to be able to find and save the needed files. Without active directory, network permissions and saved files would be a chaotic mess.
Active Directory is included on nearly all Windows Server operating systems. If your network is large enough to include multiple servers, then the one server that uses Active Directory is referred to as your primary domain controller. In a way, the server with Active Directory is kind of like the brain and the gatekeeper of your network.
With Active Directory managed properly, it will filter network logon requests from every workstation or mobile device attempting to access the network. A user’s terminal will then stay in communication with the Active Directory and send information back and forth in order to verify the user’s password. This communication will allow specific rights and privileges to the user so they can access needed files and applications from the server.
One of the advantages of using Active Directory is that you can give different employees different levels of access to information on the server. This is a great way to enforce security protocols so that sensitive data cannot be accessed by people that may be a potential security risk. For example, you may want to offer customers Wi-Fi service using your network hardware. If you offer Wi-Fi service, then you will want to adjust permissions with Active Directory so that the public will not be able to access company files.
Managing your Active Directory can be broken down by categorizing users into groups, like Sales, HR, Customers, Management, etc; each group will then receive specific permissions. An Active Directory that is properly configured and managed will secure your company’s sensitive information and your keep your system organized. If you would like assistance planning, implementing, and managing the security of your network in such a way that operations are streamlined and overhead is kept low, then call Michell Consulting Group at 305-592-5433. Give us a call and let us help setup your network to meet the unique needs of your business.